What is CBD?

Cannabidiol (CBD) is, by far, one of the most studied compounds of the 100-plus known cannabinoids found in Cannabis sativa. It’s one of at least 85 active compounds inside cannabis plants and has quickly gained favor among those seeking a different approach to everyday wellness. CBD has quality benefits concerning the human body; emerging studies seem to support the idea that CBD interacts with the endocannabinoid system (ECS), also referred to as the endogenous cannabinoid system, a complex physiologic network that stretches throughout the human body and helps establish and maintain overall health and wellness.

CBD WORKS WITH YOUR ECS TO PROMOTE EVERYDAY HEALTH AND WELLNESS SUPPORT AND IS A NATURALLY OCCURRING CANNABINOID FOUND IN THE HEMP PLANT.

Cannabis sativa contains several unique types of phytocannabinoids; while there are not different types of CBD, there are a variety of cannabinoids. Phytocannabinoids are typically separated into subclasses that include their cannabinoid form and their 2-carboxylic acid form, while others are standalone compounds, and each one has a unique effect. The most common types include:


TETRAHYDROCANNABINOL (THC)

It is the least abundant cannabinoid found in industrial hemp but found the most in marijuana cannabis and is known for its psychoactive effects. THC is typically helpful as a mild painkiller and may contain antioxidant features.


CANNABINOL (CBN)

It is a cannabinoid produced separately from oxidized THC and when CBNA becomes exposed to prolonged heat or sunlight. Raw cannabis will create more CBN as it further matures at the cost of THC. CBN acts as a mild psychoactive with sedative effects.


CANNABIGEROL (CBG)

It is another non-intoxicating cannabinoid and is created from CBGA during decarboxylation. Research suggests that CBG contains antibacterial properties and is useful for bacterial growth, cell proliferation, bone growth, and inflammation.


HOW DOES CBD WORK?

CBD works to help maintain our bodies’ homeostasis. Homeostasis is a healthy state of balance and internal stability against outside or unknown factors that would otherwise disrupt how the human body would typically perform.

And contrary to THC, CBD works as a non-intoxicating compound with none of the psychoactive effects commonly associated with THC.

YOU CANNOT EXPERIENCE A “HIGH” OR ANY OTHER ASSOCIATED PSYCHOACTIVE FEELING WITH HEMP-BASED CBD.



HOW IS CBD ABSORBED?

CBD works optimally when absorbed into the bloodstream, where it can interact with the endocannabinoid system (ECS). Our ECS is a network of cannabinoid receptors that stretch throughout the entire body. There are two types of cannabinoid receptors – CB1 and CB2. CB1 receptors help regulate many functions related to our central nervous system, while CB2 receptors manage the abilities associated with our peripheral nervous system.

CBD molecules usually bind to CB2 receptors, while THC binds to CB1 receptors. When these cannabinoids attach to these connectors, they transmit signals that travel through the cells – ultimately affecting the cells that surround tissue, the tissues inside an organ, and the many organs of the body. And though CBD usually attaches to CB2 connectors, it can also grasp CB1 receptors – acting as a blockade against other molecules.

Your body’s absorption of CBD from the application area into the bloodstream is known as its “bioavailability” – maximizing bioavailability means allowing more CBD to be readily available for bodily use.

TAKING CBD THROUGH VARIOUS MEANS CHANGES ITS BIOAVAILABILITY; HOWEVER, CHOOSING THE BEST METHOD OF USE FOR YOUR NEEDS WILL HELP ENSURE THAT YOU’LL RECEIVE THE MOST SUPPORT FROM PROPERLY SOURCED CBD.


CBD can be absorbed into the body through many methods. When determining how to take CBD oil, the most common ways include:


SUBLINGUAL METHOD

By placing drops of CBD oil tinctures underneath the tongue and holding for a few seconds, you absorb CBD directly into your bloodstream. It gets into your system in about 15 to 30 minutes, and the effects may last for a few hours.


INGESTIVE METHOD

With CBD oil capsules, softgels, or gummies, CBD can be swallowed and ingested. It takes the CBD much longer to get into the bloodstream because it must go through a first-pass metabolism, which breaks the CBD molecules further down.


TOPICAL METHOD

Through topical creams, rollers, or CBD bath bombs, CBD can be absorbed into the skin. It won’t permeate enough to reach the bloodstream; however, when coupled with other pain-relieving or relaxing ingredients, such as menthol or histamine dihydrochloride, CBD may be useful for sore joints, muscles, and inflammation.


INHALATION METHOD

By using vape oils, you can absorb CBD directly into your bloodstream through the lungs. Inhalation is the fastest way to get CBD into your system. It enters almost immediately, but the effects may last only a few hours.



IS CBD USE COMMON?

Ancient civilizations have used various strains of cannabis throughout the centuries for their wealth of wellness properties. But due to dramatic shifts in legislation and other influences such as determining what is the difference between CBD and THC, cannabinoids became widely unaccepted as an alternative application.

However, as the health and science communities continue to further recognize and accept the properties of different cannabinoids, the prohibitions that once restricted and limited the use of CBD have evolved into protections and freedoms of what is CBD for anyone looking for safe and effective alternatives.

THANKS TO THE 2018 FARM BILL, THE OPPORTUNITY FOR HEMP-DERIVED PRODUCTS, SUCH AS CBD, TO BECOME MORE WIDELY ACCEPTED HAS GREATLY INCREASED.



HOW TO USE CBD OIL?

Using CBD oil will vary depending on your purpose for taking it. CBD for pain and soreness will require applying a topical cream to the problem area and rubbing it into the skin. In contrast, CBD for sleep requires taking a tincture or softgel 30 minutes before going to bed. The most common and easy way to use CBD oil is with tinctures, which is the optimal application for how to use CBD oil for anxiety and stress:

  • Squeeze dropper to fill with oil; a dropper will fill halfway, which is considered one full serving.
  • Squeeze oil under your tongue and hold it for 30 to 60 seconds for absorption and then swallow.
  • Increase your amount or concentration gradually as needed.
  • Store at room temperature out of direct sunlight.

It is essential to remember that consistency is vital to receive the most benefits from CBD oil. It’s best to continue taking CBD for at least 30 days to achieve optimum results; but this is just the beginning – find a regimen, product, and concentration that works best for your everyday routine. When determining how to take CBD oil, there are several factors that need to be considered.


WHAT ARE THE FORMS OF CBD?

CBD oil can take several different forms – each has its advantages depending on your reason for using CBD. There are tinctures available, which is the most common way of absorbing CBD, along with capsules, softgels, bath bombs, CBD topicals, and even CBD for pets.

There is only one form of cannabidiol that is considered an actual drug – Epidiolex. It is the only CBD drug in the United States that is approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Epidiolex is strictly used in conjunction with two types of epilepsy disorders and was approved for use in 2018.

  • CBD oil tinctures are simply edible oil infused with CBD extract. Take it under the tongue for fast absorption or mix with food or drink. Capsules are the same thing in tablet form.
  • CBD vape oil is the fastest-acting product type as users inhale the CBD directly into their lungs. The effects wear off sooner than those of ingested products, however.
  • CBD edibles come in many forms – baked goods, sauces, snacks, even cocktails – but gummies are the most popular. Certainly one of the most fun ways to take CBD.
  • CBD topicals are applied directly to the skin, allowing for targeted CBD absorption. They include moisturizers, gels, and patches, often blended with other ingredients for skin care and pain relief.

IS CBD OIL LEGAL?

The 2014 federal Farm Bill granted state governments the legal right to grow and research industrial hemp through state-regulated agriculture and pilot programs. It also classified hemp and hemp-derived products with less than 0.3 percent THC separate from marijuana cannabis. With the passing of the 2018 Farm Bill, the growth, production, and manufacturing of hemp became federally legalized – allowing hemp-derived products, such as CBD oil, to become more readily available.

Both marijuana and hemp come from the same Cannabis sativa plant; the main distinguishing trait between the two is their levels of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Hemp is grown to have low THC (industrial hemp has 0.3 percent and is therefore federally legal). Conversely, marijuana is bred to have higher THC concentrations and is still federally illegal.

CONGRESS’ DECISION IN 2014 LEGALLY ALLOWED THE CULTIVATION OF INDUSTRIAL HEMP THROUGH STATE-REGULATED AGRICULTURE DEPARTMENTS FOR HEMP MANAGEMENT AND RESEARCH.


Their most recent ruling in 2018 removes industrial hemp from the federal Controlled Substance List as a Schedule I drug, and it allows for a hemp market and sales through state borders.

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